my results:  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
  9ways
  What is...?
    Prevention
    Risk
    A Screening Test
 
  How to...
    Estimate Risk
 
  Community Action
 
    Disclaimer
    Privacy Policy
    About This Site
    Link to Us
    Glossary
   

© Copyright 2013
Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine


Fact sheet

What is the prostate?
What is prostate cancer?
How common is prostate cancer?
Who is at risk of getting prostate cancer?
How do you lower your risk of prostate cancer?
Who should get screening tests for prostate cancer?
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
Where can I get more information?




What is the prostate?
The prostate is a small gland in men that is located in the pelvis, below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate makes fluid that mixes with sperm from the testicles.

What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer occurs when cells in the prostate grow out of control. A group of abnormal cells together can form a malignant (cancerous) tumor. There are different kinds of prostate cancer. Some are very slow-growing and never become a serious health problem. Others are more aggressive and more dangerous.


Back to top

How common is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the US. Over 210,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer each year. To compare this with other cancers, click here. To compare this with other cancers, click here.

Back to top

Who is at risk of getting prostate cancer?
All men can get prostate cancer, but it is more common in older men. Prostate cancer usually strikes men over the age of 50, and the risk goes up with age. African-American men have a higher risk than other men, and they tend to get prostate cancer at an earlier age. Men who have a family history of prostate cancer also have a higher risk.

Back to top

How do you lower your risk of prostate cancer?
  • Don't smoke
  • Cut back on food with animal fat (like red meat, processed meat, cheese, and other full fat dairy products)
  • Eat more tomato-based foods (like pasta or pizza with tomato sauce)
  • Avoid too much calcium. Try to stay near the national recommendations: adults under 50 years old should get 1000 mg a day; adults 50 and older should get 1200 mg a day.

Click here for a list of things that affect prostate cancer risk.


Back to top

Who should get prostate cancer screening tests?
The American Cancer Society recommends that men age 50 and older talk to their doctor about getting screened yearly. African American men and other men at higher risk may want to start screening at an earlier age, based on the advice of their doctors. There are different types of screening tests for prostate cancer, such as the digital rectal exam (DRE) and the prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test.

Click here for more information on prostate cancer screening.


Back to top

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
Often prostate cancer causes no symptoms at all. As the cancer grows, symptoms may include:
  • Difficulty starting or stopping to urinate
  • Feeling the need to urinate frequently, especially at night
  • Pain with urination or orgasm
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Pain in the lower back or hips

These symptoms are most often caused by other, less serious conditions. Only a doctor can know for sure. If you have any of these symptoms, see your doctor.


Back to top


For more information on prostate cancer, visit these web sites: Back to top